public boolean equals(Object obj)
This method checks if some other object passed to it as an argument is equal to the object on which this method is invoked. The default implementation of this method in
Objectclass simply checks if two object references x and y refer to the same object. i.e. It checks if
x == y. This particular comparison is also known as "shallow comparison". However, the classes providing their own implementations of the
equalsmethod are supposed to perform a "deep comparison"; by actually comparing the relevant data members. Since
Objectclass has no data members that define its state, it simply performs shallow comparison.
The equals method for class Object implements the most discriminating possible equivalence relation on objects i.e., for any reference values x and y, this method returns true if and only if x and y refer to the same object (x==y has the value true).
Note that it is generally necessary to override the hashCode method(of Object class) whenever this method is overridden, so as to maintain the general contract for the hashCode method, which states that equal objects must have equal hash codes.
public int hashCode()
This method returns the hash code value for the object on which this method is invoked. This method returns the hash code value as an integer and is supported for the benefit of hashing based collection classes such as Hashtable, HashMap, HashSet etc. This method must be overridden in every class that overrides the
The general contract of
- Whenever it is invoked on the same object more than once during an execution of a Java application, the hashCode method must consistently return the same integer, provided no information used in equals comparisons on the object is modified. This integer need not remain consistent from one execution of an application to another execution of the same application.
- If two objects are equal according to the equals(Object) method, then calling the hashCode method on each of the two objects must produce the same integer result.
- It is not required that if two objects are unequal according to the equals(java.lang.Object) method, then calling the hashCode method on each of the two objects must produce distinct integer results. However, the programmer should be aware that producing distinct integer results for unequal objects may improve the performance of hashtables.